Treatments are 30 minutes long with a number of areas being treated for a couple minutes each depending on what needs to be done. Both lasers and LEDís are used at varying degrees of focus to target specific tissues at different depths.
Treatment frequency can be anything from once a week to gain results, depending on the issue. The best practice is to start your treatment protocol with 2 or 3 sessions for the first week or two and then decrease down as the symptoms lessen until they have completely gone.
Photo Bio Modulation works by stimulating the mitochondria in your cells to produce more ATP (cellular energy and decrease damaging free radicals. In each cell we have thousands of mitochondria and poor productivity of these is often the cause of health/disease. ATP can be thought of as the bodies primary currency of energy, the more ATP we have the more we can do. As a result of creating ATP our mitochondria also create Reactive oxygen or nitrogen species better known as free radicals.
What is not as well known is that not all free radicals are bad, some act as messenger molecules and are very much needed. Others oxidise molecules which damage them and make them unstable.
The pictures on the right show you how Cytochrome c (part of our mitochondria absorbs light at a peak of around 650nm and 830nm which means, in English, it absorbs light in the red and near infrared frequencies. The absorption of this light helps in a few ways but most important is that it dislodges mitochondrial Nitric oxide which would cause damaging free radicals to be created if left unchecked. Where as Nitric oxide is normally a good thing, there are a few types and nitric oxide in the mitochondria can lead to very damaging effects.
Other key products of this absorption is the increase in ATP production which in turn increases the output of the cell improving its normal function and allowing for better and faster repair.
Other second and third-order effects of this therapy include increase in certain growth factors, improved modulation of the immune system and can even increase mesenchymal stem cell production when the marrow of a bone is radiated.
Mesenchymal stem cells will increase tissue repair greatly and reduce scar tissue in the acute phase of an injury.
The THOR NOVO is a whole-body general treatment rather then a spot-specific treatment and will generally penetrate only around 1cm deep as apposed to the 1-2-1 treatment which can penetrate tissue up to 5cm deep depending on the power of the laser/LED.
Depth of treatment can be a very important notion when treating specific issues.